J.M.W. Turner, The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up,1838.



This painting is said to represent the end of England as a naval superpower.

Less known is the view that the painting might represent the industrial revolution; the transition towards a world of coal and steel, machines and smoke.


Burning fossil fuels: coal, oil and gas, gives us energy much in excess of what is needed to mine them. We use that excess energy to build houses, roads and cities, and to drive cars, fly airplanes, etc.† This has undoubtedly lead to an enhancement of our quality of life. However the use, handling and spilling of fossil fuels leads to pollution of land and sea. Burning them leads to the emissions of pollutants in the atmosphere with acid rain and climate change as consequences. Securing their sources makes to world less safe. The costs to society of using fossil fuels have become significant, possibly threathening Man and the Planet itself.†


It is now clear that humans have a power over the Planet which is similar to that of† the natural cataclysims that have lead to the mass extinctions in pre-historic times. It therefore makes sense to call our times the Anthropocene: the epoch of the Anthropos, of Man. An epoch that might have already started with humanís cognitive revolution (50.000 yrs ago), or with the agricultural revolution (10.000 yrs ago), bur for sure with the industrial revoltion and its global impact on the environment and society.






 the Wall


 some Things



Background paper



museumOFanthropoceneTECHNOLOGY† MAT

a collection of things to study our times